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Vol. 25, no. 2(73), 2024

 

This issue of the RECENT journal was edited with the support of:

 


Contents


Preliminary Analysis in Clustering and Supply Chain Creation: A Regional Case Study

  • Ali ARI, Mehmet KARAHAN, Nevin KARAHAN

RECENT J. (2024), 73:080-091

https://doi.org/10.31926/RECENT.2024.73.080

Abstract

Technical textiles and other high-value goods are seeing rising demand on international marketplaces. Many nations have shifted their manufacturing focus to these items in the last decade in an effort to boost their economic standing and compete on a global scale. This study seeks to shed light on the current state of the textile industry in Türkiye, specifically in Bursa, one of the textile hubs, and its shift towards technical textiles with higher value-added products. We take a look at the current product trade volumes around the world, import-export statistics, and Türkiye's standing in this field. Also covered are the latest developments in the industry as well as the state of the market for technical textiles. Technical textile exports to international markets reached almost $118 billion, up 3.38 percent from the previous year. The total value of Turkish exports in 2021 was 2,413 billion dollars, down 12.91 percent from the previous year. The results of the Grubel-Lloyd Index calculation for the technical textile product groups in Türkiye show that, with a few exceptions, intra-industry trade is bidirectional. All technical textile products had an average index value of 0.7968. The twelve main types of technical textiles are based on the many uses they serve. By 2028, the Mobiltech, Indutech, and Packtech subcategories of technical textiles are expected to have the most significant trade items.

Keywords

technical textiles, market analysis, high-value-added, Grubel-Lloyd Index, Bursa

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Cluster Governance Analysis in Technical Textiles and Composite Materials Sector: A Regional Case Study

  • Mehmet KARAHAN, Ali ARI, Nevin KARAHAN

RECENT J. (2024), 73:092-100

https://doi.org/10.31926/RECENT.2024.73.092

Abstract

Cluster governance is about identification and establishment of an organisational structure and organised efforts for managing relations, communication, flow and share of information and implementation of activities for achieving commonly shared vision of the cluster. Identification of the cluster organisational structure does not have any commonly agreed or accepted rules when cluster cases are reviewed. Additionally, variety of factors implies on success of organisational structures and their effectiveness. It is key to elaborate on maturity level of the cluster and level of operational capacity and resources. In most cases organisational structures or governance models of clusters linked with cluster management capacity and skills. In other words setting up a well-functioning cluster governance structure is highly related with well-functioning cluster coordination unit which is mostly known as cluster management team, responsible for a boards representing cluster profile as a whole. Identification of appropriate organisational structure for Bursa Technical Textile and Composite Materials Cluster has vital importance for the success of the cluster. The cluster has a variety of actors between large, medium and small scale companies, OEMs, strong universities, OIZs, stakeholders and public institutions where all actors have their own expectations, inputs, organisational rules. Therefore, establishment and launch of cluster is at formal bases important for continuation of cluster activities and implementation of the cluster strategy at collaborative and institutionalised way. Word “formal” does not mean establishment of formal body from the beginning of cluster development stages, however it is more about coordinating cluster activities for implementing the strategy has to be coordinated by an organisation and cluster coordination unit with full time team(s) work at daily basis to coordinate identified actions for the cluster.

Keywords

technical textiles, market analysis, high-value-added, Grubel-Lloyd Index, Bursa

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Cluster Strategy in Technical Textiles and Composite Materials Sector: A Regional Case Study

  • Nevin KARAHAN, Mehmet KARAHAN, Ali ARI

RECENT J. (2024), 73:101-113

https://doi.org/10.31926/RECENT.2024.73.101

Abstract

Strategic priorities were determined by taking into account all the data and findings collected within the scope of this study, and the cluster vision and mission were presented together with the cluster strategy. It is built on three key strategic pillars of innovation, productivity, and internationalization and is complemented by three supporting strategies: skills and knowledge development, network development, and cluster promotion and branding. This study, which is one of the building blocks of the Technical Textile and Composite Materials Cluster, can be used not only as a road map but also as one of the basic documents of clusters and as a source for the development of new cluster projects and actions. The Bursa Technical Textile and Composite Materials Cluster has great opportunities, and it has been seen that it is possible to achieve its goals with the determined implementation of the cluster action plan.

Keywords

technical textiles, market analysis, composite materials, cluster strategy, Bursa

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A Case Study of Sectoral Vocational Competence and Training Centre; Evaluation of In-Service Teacher Trainings for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

  • Ridvan ARSLAN, Mehmet KARAHAN, Abdil KUŞ

RECENT J. (2024), 73:114-121

https://doi.org/10.31926/RECENT.2024.73.114

Abstract

New Generation Hybrid and Electric vehicle production is rapidly increasing worldwide as a cleaner and sustainable alternative. This rapid change has significantly increased the needs for maintenance and repair of these vehicles. In order to meet this need, infrastructure and material development studies for new generation vehicle technologies trainings are intensively carried out all over the world. In this study, in-service training given to 257 vocational high school teachers at the New Generation Vehicles vocational qualification center of excellence, established with EU funds in Türkiye, was evaluated. Experimental research method with control group was used in the trainings to determine the contribution of the training programs developed and the infrastructure created to the learning performance. Data of the study; it was evaluated with a pre-test-post-test exam and Likert-scale survey measuring changes in knowledge-skills-perception. As a result of academic measurements: it has been observed that trainings using new content and center of excellence infrastructure increased teachers' academic success by 91%, and the increase in performance, which consists of meeting the needs in their perception-skills-and expectations, was 20.41% on average. The results obtained show that the content, training material and infrastructure developed within the scope of the project make significant contributions to people's learning and teaching performances.

Keywords

electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, vocational training, performance measurement

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